Residency Permit (Aufenthaltserlaubnis = AE)
A residency permit (Aufenthaltserlaubnis) will be issued if the submitted asylum application is approved. This usually happens in conjunction with the issuance of a work permit.
There are other options to obtain a residency permit (Aufenthaltserlaubnis), for instance based on family-related or humanitarian grounds.
The GGUA Flüchtlingshilfe has compiled an overview related to asylum and residency legislation (May 2021): https://www.einwanderer.net/fileadmin/downloads/tabellen_und_uebersichten/UEbersichten_Auftitel_2021.pdf
An overview of the various permanent stay provisions (Bleiberechtsregelungen) can be found at: https://www.ibs-thueringen.de/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Duldung-Arbeit-Aufenthalt.pdf
Under section Residency Legislation Related Orientation you will find information and links on the subject matter of labor market access.